African Elephant VS Asian Elephant belongs to the Probosidia and Elephantidae families. Although they are members of the same family.
They can be distinguished based on their body size, shape, behavior, etc. African elephants and Asian elephants have some distinct characteristics.
This helps them to distinguish between two mammal species.
Let’s see what is discrimination:
- African elephant:
- African Elephant With Water:
- The African Elephant facts and population:
- Asian elephant:
- Physical differences Of This elephant:
- This elephant’s average weight:
- Shoulder height:
- The number of ribs:
- Size of the ears:
- The shape of the belly:
- The shape of the head:
- Lower lip:
- Trunk end:
- Differences in the diet:
- What does the African elephant eat?
- What does the Asian elephant eat?
- How many teeth do elephants have?
- How many ribs do elephants have?
- How much does an elephant weigh?
- How big is an elephant’s heart?
- How big can an elephant grow?
- How fast can an elephant run?
- How often do elephants bathe?
- The average age of elephants?
- How many babies does an elephant typically have during its lifetime?
- How much water does an elephant drink daily?
- What are some natural predators of the African elephant?
- How long do elephants need to live in an area before they can be considered to have settled?
- What is infrasound?
- Where do elephants go if their habitat has dried up?
- Why do elephants avoid water that is contaminated?
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The African elephant belongs to the family Proboscidea and Elephantidae. Their scientific research-based name is Loxodonta.
they are a larger species than the Asian elephant. African male elephants range in height from 4 m and weigh 4,000 to 7,500 kg.
Their heads are round and the top of the head is like a dome. Their lips are small and have a bottom.
African elephants are best known for their large ears. Their ears are so large that the ears can reach the top of the neck.
The African elephant skin is much more crunchy. The African elephant has much more ribs than the Asian elephant. They are usually vegetarians.
African Elephant With Water:
Elephants are not able to sweat the way humans do and therefore require water daily.
They will drink up to fifty gallons of water at least every single day, which means that they are entirely dependent on their habitat to have an adequate amount of it available.
If the water has dried up or all of the nearby rivers are contaminated, the elephant herd will usually move to a new habitat.
It is thought that elephants can tell if water is contaminated by smell and will avoid it for this reason.
They are also very picky about the quality of water that they will drink, preferring clear, freshwater to stagnant ponds or streams.
The African Elephant facts and population:
The African elephant facts are one of the most endangered animals on Earth.
They are classified as a “vulnerable” species and their population numbers have dwindled to only about 350,000 elephants.
The birth of an elephant calf changes everything for that animal’s family and its herd, but it also has the potential to change the entire ecosystem in which they live.
It starts with just one baby: A tiny life with little more than two feet and a trunk that will grow up to be six feet tall and weigh over 10 tons.
The African elephant is the largest mammal in its habitat, but it possesses a gentle heart. Despite their massive size, they are also quite agile.
An elephant calf will often pivot around its mama quickly who catches it with her trunk.
She then inspects the baby thoroughly, smelling and touching it to ensure that it is healthy.
The little one will then begin to nurse, taking its first meal of rich milk from its mother’s four mammary glands.
The Asian elephant belongs to the family Proboscidea and Elephantidae. Their scientific research-based name is Elephas maximus.
The Asian elephant is smaller than other African elephants. The easiest way to recognize Asian elephants is that they have small round ears.
Asian elephants have two dome-shaped heads with a groove in the middle. The height of male Asian elephants is usually up to 3.5 meters.
average weight ranges from 3,000 to 6,000 kg. The male Asian elephant has tusks that are much smaller than African elephants.
The Asian elephant lives in harmony. They prefer to eat grass instead of vegetables and leaves.
Physical differences Of This elephant:
There are a few differences between the African elephant vs Asian elephant. Some physical differences are mentioned below.
This elephant’s average weight:
The average weight of an African elephant is between 4,000-7,000 kg. And the average weight of Asian elephants ranges from 3,000-6,000 kg.
The normal shoulder height of African elephants is about 3-4 meters. And the normal height of Asian elephants is 2-3.5 meters.
The skin of the African elephant is much wrinkled. And Asian elephant skin is much smoother.
The number of ribs:
The number of African elephant ribs is up to 21 pairs. Meanwhile, the number of ribs of Asian elephants is up to 20 pairs.
Size of the ears:
African elephants have very large ears that are able to reach above their necks.
The ears of Asian elephants are much smaller and round than those of African elephants. So they cannot reach the top of their necks.
The shape of the belly:
The abdomen of the African elephant is shaped like a triangle at the bottom. And up to the hind legs. The abdomen of the Asian elephant is straight. And looks like sagging in the middle.
The shape of the head:
The African elephant’s head is shaped like a round dome. The Asian elephant’s head is shaped like two domes with an indent in the middle.
The African elephant’s teeth Lamella profile of the molars diamond-shaped. the Asian elephant teeth Lamella profile of the molars is strongly compressed.
The lower lips of the African elephant are smaller and round. On the other side, the lower lip of the Asian elephant is long and tapered.
The trunk of the African elephant is less hard, with more rings. the trunk of the Asian elephant is harder, with fewer rings.
The trunk of the African elephant ends with two fingers. the trunk of the Asian elephant ends with one finger.
The Asian elephant has five toes on the front legs and four toes on the hind legs. the African elephant has four to five toes on the front legs and three toes on the hind legs.
Differences in the diet:
The main and large part of the diet list of African elephants is the leaves of the tree. The main part of the Asian elephant diet list consists of grass.
As you can see, there are many differences between African elephants vs Asian elephants. One of these is about skin color.
The skin color of African elephants is gray and dark brown. While the skin of Asian elephants is white and light brown.
The main part of their diet list is also different. African elephants love eating leaves and fruits. While Asian elephants eat grass.
There are many other differences between these elephants such as size, height, teeth, and more.
What does the African elephant eat?
African elephants mainly eat the leaves and fruits of different trees.
What does the Asian elephant eat?
The main part of the diet list of Asian elephants is grass.
How many teeth do elephants have?
The number of elephant teeth is about 4 molars and 12 incisors.
How many ribs do elephants have?
African elephants have up to 21 pairs of ribs. While the number of Asian elephant ribs is up to 20 pairs.
How much does an elephant weigh?
Average 4,000 to 6,000 kg.
How big is an elephant’s heart?
An elephant’s heart is about 300 kg.
How big can an elephant grow?
Between 8 to 14 feet.
How fast can an elephant run?
African elephants can run up to 64 km/h. While the Asian elephant can only run up to 40km/h.
How often do elephants bathe?
Elephants bathe about 3 times a day.
The average age of elephants?
the average age of elephants is 45 to 70.
How many babies does an elephant typically have during its lifetime?
An elephant will usually have four or five babies after years of being pregnant.
How much water does an elephant drink daily?
Elephants drink up to 50 gallons of water every day.
What are some natural predators of the African elephant?
Humans and lions pose a serious threat to African elephants.
How long do elephants need to live in an area before they can be considered to have settled?
Elephants will usually only live in an area for a few months to ensure that there are ample resources available before deciding that they have settled.
What is infrasound?
Infrasound is another form of elephant communication that uses low-frequency rumbles. Humans can’t hear it, but other elephants can.
Where do elephants go if their habitat has dried up?
If the water in an elephant’s habitat dries up, it will usually move to a new area.
Why do elephants avoid water that is contaminated?
It is thought that elephants can tell if water is contaminated by smell.