African Elephant VS Asian Elephant
The African elephant vs Asian elephant belongs to the family Proboscidea and Elephantidae.
Although they belong to the same family.
They can be distinguished based on their body size, shape, behavior, etc.
The African elephant vs Asian elephant has some characteristics.
That enables them to distinguish between two mammal species.
Let see what is the discrimination ?
The African elephant belongs to the family Proboscidea and Elephantidae.
Their scientific research-based name is Loxodonta.
They are a larger species than the Asian elephant.
African male elephants range in height from 4 m and weigh 4,000 to 7,500 kg.
Their heads are round and the top of the head is like a dome.
Their lips are small and have a bottom.
African elephant are best known for their large ears.
Their ears are so large that the ears can reach the top of the neck.
The African elephant skin is much more crunchy.
The African elephant have much more ribs than Asian elephants.
They are usually vegetarians. This is the first Introduction.
The Asian elephant belongs to the family Proboscidea and Elephantidae.
Their scientific research-based name is Elephas maximus.
The Asian elephant is smaller than another African elephant.
The easiest way to recognize the Asian elephant is that they have small round ears.
Asian elephants have two dome-shaped heads with a groove in the middle.
The height of male Asian elephants is usually up to 3.5 meters.
Their average weight ranges from 3,000 to 6,000 kg.
The male Asian elephant has tusks that are much smaller than African elephants.
The Asian elephant lives in harmony.
They prefer to eat grass instead of vegetables and leaves.
There are a few differences between the African elephant vs Asian elephant.
Some physical differences are mentioned below.
The African elephant vs Asian elephant is average weight
The average weight of an African elephant is between 4,000 – 7,000 kg.
And the average weight of Asian elephants ranges from 3,000 – 6,000 kg.
The normal shoulder height of African elephants is about 3 – 4 meters.
And the normal height of Asian elephants is 2 – 3.5 meters.
The skin of the African elephant is much wrinkled.
And Asian elephant skin is much smoother.
Number of ribs
The number of African elephant ribs is up to 21 pairs.
Meanwhile, the number of ribs of Asian elephants is up to 20 pairs.
Size of the ears
Differences in the size of the ears of the African elephant vs Asian elephant.
African elephants have very large ears that are able to reach above their necks.
The ears of Asian elephants are much smaller and round than those of African elephants.
So they cannot reach the top of their necks.
The shape of the belly
The abdomen of the African elephant is shaped like a triangle at the bottom.
And up to the hind legs. The abdomen of the Asian elephant is straight.
And looks like sagging in the middle.
The shape of the head
The African elephant’s head is shaped like a round dome.
The Asian elephant’s head is shaped like two domes with an indent in the middle.
The African elephant’s teeth Lamella profile of the molars diamond-shaped.
And the Asian elephant teeth Lamella profile of the molars strongly compressed.
The lower lips of the African elephant are smaller and round.
On the other side, the lower lip of the Asian elephant is long and taper.
The trunk of the African elephant is less hard, with more rings.
And the trunk of the Asian elephant is harder, with fewer rings.
The trunk of the African elephant ends with two fingers.
And the trunk of the Asian elephant ends with one finger.
The Asian elephant has five toes on the front legs and four toes on the hind legs.
And the African elephant has four to five toes on the front legs and three toes on the hind legs.
Differences in the diet of the African elephant vs Asian elephant.
The main and large part of the diet list of African elephants is the leaves of the tree.
The main part of the Asian elephant diet list consists of grass.